After decades of peace,and short wars,the world is slowly entering the next phase were multipolarity would challenge the security scenario by military standoffs and arms race. After the collapse of the soviet union back in 1991,the unipolar world under united states witnessed the spread of capitalism and globalization. It enabled more countries to lift their population out of poverty and to build strong economy and military might that began to challenge the dominance of United States on international stages. The players such as India,China and Russia began to get special attention in international politics and US policies started to revolve around these nations.
The Chinese higher trajectory of growth rate enabled them to build a strong industrial base and became the 2nd largest economy in the world. The expansionist policies of the communist regime reflected the differences between the western bloc and short military standoffs are already taking place on high seas of south china sea. Being a communist nation,China will continue to put aggressive policies to counter US dominance in the region. The USA operates an array of warships and aircraft in the region,which often makes the standoffs much difficult.
The successor of Soviet union,Russia,which has 50% of world nuclear stockpile ,continue to posses a serious threat to western interests in Europe and Central Asia. Russia was humiliated by west during the economic crisis of 1998,and after Putin came to power in 2000,both sides bricked many peaceful ties. The NATO plan to establish military bases in Central Asia and Europe and annexation of Crimea back in 2014 ,derailed the talks and tensions are mounting days by day.
The NATO plans to deploy more than 4000 troops ,trained in special warfare and equipped with modern arms ,in Central Asia and Europe. The Russia already deployed more than 200000 soldiers across the border and are using its hard power strategies to curb any western dominion in the region. The annexation of Crimea and a brief war with Georgia in 2008,indicates the ambitious plan of Russia to get pre-cold war status as a super power.
Both US and Russian economies are worst hit by the recession. Russia a country whose exports solely depend on Oil and Natural gas is struggling to get on track after a series of sanctions put by the west ,following the annexation of Crimea. Russian political system is getting much more rigid and human rights are largely curtailed. Russia believes that west is responsible for their economic downfall and people still, thinks they are at a war like situation with the western bloc.
The deployment of missile shields in Romania and ongoing plan to deploy the missile shield in Poland by 2018,further deteriorated Russian ties with the west. Russian president Vladimir Putin accused the west of raising the tensions and believes that it threatens their ICBMS and missile delivering capabilities. The entry of Russia into Syrian civil war and activation of soviet era bases in Vietnam further signal Russian ambitions to raise their global status as a super power.
Since the Ukraine, conflict nationalism thrives strongly in Russia. The people chose think they are at a war with the west and Russia is planning to raise 10 more divisions along it's Europian borders to counter NATO military build-up. As more central Asian countries are into joining the NATO,Russia is most likely use it's hard power influence to curb any plans of those Baltic nations.
To Be Continued..........